The criteria for defining such a risk are developed during the transitional period by a joint committee, the body established as part of the withdrawal agreement for the agreement, taking into account particularities such as the value of the property or the nature of free movement. The joint commission will also make exceptions, for example. B for Fishing vessels in Northern Ireland operating under the British flag and not required to pay customs duties when selling catches in the EU. The European Union and the United Kingdom have reached a draft withdrawal agreement. On the European Union side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020 and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by e-mail on 30 January 2020.  That is why, on 30 January 2020, the European Union also tabled its instrument for ratification of the agreement, concluding the agreement and allowing it to enter into force on the date of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, at 11 .m GMT. No agreement would mean that tariffs and import and export quotas would increase car prices by 10% and certain food products such as cheese and beef by 10% or more. The development of a democratic approval mechanism strengthened the agreement and was one of the main stumbling blocks in the negotiations. On customs matters, the two sides have agreed on a remarkable balancing act: Northern Ireland will officially become part of the UK`s customs territory, meaning it will apply UK tariffs and participate in future UK trade agreements, but at the same time, the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the UK will be transferred to the Irish Sea. , which means that Northern Ireland is de facto following EU customs rules. The new proposals are in the same way as Theresa May`s deal. The main difference lies in the crucial question of the Irish border and whether the UK will leave the customs union altogether after the transition period.
Since the UK voted to leave the EU, the value of sterling has fallen. This is despite a small increase after the announcement of the agreement. No agreement also means the immediate departure of EU institutions such as the European Court of Justice and Europol, its law enforcement agency. With the agreement of former Prime Minister Theresa May and the agreement of successor Boris Johnson, there would be a transition period until the end of 2020. The agreement provides that Northern Ireland will withdraw at the end of the transition period in December 2020, while the rest of the UK will leave all EU institutions and Northern Ireland will have to comply with some of the EU rules. In some cases, it will have to impose European taxes on certain types of products. The solution – in this agreement – is to actually have the customs and regulatory border between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK (you will hear that people are talking about a „border in the Irish Sea“). The UK will continue to pay a „divorce bill“ under Mr Johnson`s agreement. The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the main areas: To avoid a no-deal Brexit by the end of October, the UK government must implement the Brexit divorce plan, secure a further extension of the EU or denounce Brexit. France, Belgium and the Netherlands have appealed to the European Commission to speed up emergency planning if an agreement cannot be reached in time. The agreement defines and provides the personal breadth of citizens, family members, border workers, host countries and nationals. Article 11 deals with continuity of stay and Article 12 deals with non-discrimination (i.e., it would be prohibited to discriminate on the basis of nationality).
However, Whitehall sources say the Prime Minister remains „the hardest in the room“ in his reluctance to defend himself for a Brexit deal. You hear about Northern Ireland because the removal of the old backstop is probably the biggest individual change.