India and Nepal have extensive cooperation in the defence sector. India has helped the Nepalese army (NA) modernize by providing equipment and training. Disaster assistance, joint military exercises, adventure activities and bilateral visits are other aspects of India`s defence cooperation with Nepal. A number of Nepalese army defences are taking part in training at various Indian army training centres. The joint SURYA KIRAN military exercise at the Indo-Nepalese battalion is taking place alternately in India and Nepal. The 14th Surya Kiran exercise took place from 3 to 16 December 2019 in Saljhandi, Nepal. Since 1950, India and Nepal have given the other`s army chief the rank of general`s honour in recognition of the harmonious relations between the two armies. The municipalities of Janakpur and Ayodhya are supposed to set up committees, appoint nodal officers, solicit public participation and mobilize funds from local and foreign sources to launch development activities in the areas of infrastructure, environment, housing, education, culture, sport, water treatment, good management , public health, science and technology, urban and regional planning, tourism and cultural heritage management. In addition, the agreement provides for the exchange of delegations and the promotion of institutional interaction between Janakpur and Ayodhya. NOTE: Only relevant and current partner cities are registered.
The Swami Vivekananda Centre for Indian Culture was founded in August 2007 in Kathmandu to showcase the best of Indian culture. The centre has generated considerable goodwill through various cultural events it has organized in the past. The Bharat Library of Nepal was founded in 1951 in Kathmandu. It is considered the first foreign library in Nepal. The aim is to strengthen and strengthen cultural ties and information exchanges between India and Nepal. The twin city contract signed three years ago was due to expire on November 24, 2017, unless it was renewed. Unfortunately, in the last three years, no tangible progress has been made in achieving the vision of creating a living bi-urban agreement. Poverty in the Janakpur-Ayodhya regions is rather reduced with the development of infrastructure and communications. On the 622 km stretch of road between Janakpur and Ayodhya, it is likely that tirtatan (tourist) strengths will develop. Such activities should transform the area of poverty and fragility between Janakpur and Ayodhya into the most economically prosperous regions. Between: (i) Sahitya Kala Akademi (India) and Nepal Academy, (ii) Doordarshan (India) and Nepal TV, (iii) Press Council of India and Press Council of Nepal, iv) Lalit Kala Akademi (India) and Nepal Academy of Fine Arts, v) GoI and the Government of Nepal for Youth Cooperation, (vi) Sangeet Natak Akademi (India) , and (vii) GoI and the Nepalese government for the twinning of cities with partner cities Kathmandu-Varanasi , Lumbini-Bodhgaya and Janakpur-Ayodhya.
During Islamic and British rule in India, foreign rulers had attempted to destroy the glorious spiritual values of Janakpur and Ayodhya. History shows that during the reign of the moguls in India, the temples of Janakpur were targeted in the same way as those targeted in Ayodhya. The case of Ram Janmbhoomi, the birthplace of Lord Ram, is his obvious evidence. Since then, there has been no initiative on both sides to develop roads and other infrastructure along the 622 km line between Janakpur and Ayodhya.