Amnesty In Peace Agreements


At the macro level, CAPA allows researchers to identify and analyze, over time, across regions or in certain political contexts, general patterns of amnesty design. For example, the database revealed that the amnesty introduced in the years following the conclusion of a peace agreement on conflict-related crimes tends to be granted unconditionally to state actors. In addition, the investigation into models related to the inclusion or exclusion of international crimes and serious human rights violations in amnesty laws may highlight the amnesty status under customary international law. Finally, AKPa has shown that there is great diversity in the organization of amnesties during the conflict and the transition to peace, which can undermine legitimacy and the ability of amnesty to contribute to lasting peace. These data can therefore provide an empirical basis for future research in order to conduct more detailed analyses of the effects of different types of amnesty in different phases of conflict up to peace than has been possible so far. CAPA is an innovative database that contains qualitative and open descriptions of key themes related to the extent and legal effects of various forms of amnesty, as well as information on when and how they are implemented to eliminate criminal liability for conflicting offences. The main themes covered in the database are: amnesty has been essential to involve armed combatants in peace negotiations and emerging political and security institutions. They fulfill the political functions of colonizing elite inclusion, continuity and stability. However, international standards are now invoked to exclude certain forms of amnesty. The project included a compilation of all amnesties in conflict situations from 1990 to 2016, which traced the timing and manner in which the amnesty took place and how it took part in the peace process and agreements. It provided empirical data to examine how amnesty, which was enacted during the conflict, contributes to political negotiations and the consequences of the international amnesty ban, in an attempt to influence and help determine which elites are involved in the process of political unification. Finally, he assessed the relationship between amnesty, the involvement of armed actors and international standards. The advanced search feature maintains these filters, but also allows users to search for certain components of the amnesty design and identify the amnesty containing different combinations of components.