Agreement Between States Is


Under international law, a treaty is a legally binding agreement between states (countries). A treaty can be called a convention, protocol, pact, agreement, etc. It is the content of the agreement, not its name, that makes it a treaty. Thus, the Geneva Protocol and the Biological Weapons Convention are the two treaties, although neither treaty in its name. Under U.S. law, a treaty is a legally binding agreement between countries that requires ratification and „consultation and approval“ of the Senate. All other agreements (internationally treated) are called executive agreements, but are nevertheless legally binding on the United States under international law. The process of negotiating pacts often involves the creation of joint committees, including members appointed by the governors of the countries under negotiation. [5] Other methods include direct negotiations by the governors themselves, the promotion of pacts by the National Conference of State Legislators[6] and the adoption of a pact proposed by a state legislator and the invitation of that state to adopt other identical statutes.

[7] States that negotiate notes themselves may invite representatives of the federal authorities to participate; When Congress invited negotiations on a water allocation pact that would involve the District of Columbia, a non-governmental jurisdiction whose legislative decree is subject to congressional review,[8] Congress said that federal officials would be needed in negotiations. [9] As a treaty, an intergovernmental pact primarily concerns the rights and obligations of states that have chosen to become contracting parties and their respective citizens, since the pact is promulgated by their respective legislators. However, some compacts go so far as to target the effect (if any) of this pact on states that are not contracting parties. A pact may contain provisions that stipulate that the pact does not affect other agreements that the parties may enter into with non-partisan states. [26] Alternatively, a pact can define how non-compressant states can participate in pact-related activities. [27] For example, the Interstate Pest Control Compact (which is no longer in force) provided that the pact`s board of directors or its executive committee could not spend funds from an insurance fund created by the pact in a non-condensed state, unless it was justified by the conditions in that state and the benefits to the contracting states of the Covenant. , and that it cannot impose conditions for such expenditures. [28] In the United States, an intergovernmental pact is a pact or agreement between two or more states or between states and a foreign government.

The compact clause (Article I, Section 10, Clause 3) of the United States Constitution provides that „no state ,…